Military - Hot mission
December 15, 2006 — A patented technique originally developed to measure temperatures inside turbine engines and fuel cells could play a key role in making electromagnetic weapons, or railguns, a reality.
Materials - Lasers in a stir
December 15, 2006 — Researchers at ORNL have developed a hybrid process where they use a laser in combination with friction-stir welding (FSW) — a technique that has been in development for about 10 years for joining small metal alloys parts — to extend its application to more materials. FSW uses a rotating tool to join metal components without melting.
Bioenergy - Analyzing wood
December 15, 2006 — Soon, men and mice won't be the only beneficiaries of CT technology's diagnostic wonders. Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are developing ways to use a computer tomography machine originally designed for small laboratory animals to analyze wood, with potential applications in the pulp, paper and nascent bioenergy industries.
Homeland Security - Thwarting threats
December 15, 2006 — Oak Ridge National Laboratory's SensorNet augmented by a system being developed by Enterra Solutions could become a first line of defense against terrorist attacks or natural disasters.
Engineering - Real world stress
November 10, 2006 — To see if your system or instrument will stand up to real-world stresses, put it through its paces in Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Environmental Effects Laboratory. The EE Lab boasts a suite of instruments and mechanisms that can simulate just about any insult the world can throw at a piece of equipment.
Biology - Determining protein function
November 10, 2006 — With genetic sequencing now routine, scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are taking the next step toward understanding the molecular function of living things by identifying and characterizing protein interactions in cells.
Electricity - Power to spare
November 10, 2006 — With thousands of substation power transformers around the nation operating on borrowed time, the need to develop a new generation of transformers is taking on increased importance. In a project led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Waukesha Electric, researchers are focusing on new alloys and insulation materials for transformers with more operational flexibility and greater power densities.
Homeland Security - Threat identification
November 10, 2006 — Methods to search tens of thousands of documents could become more effective with a system developed by a team led by Cathy Jiao of ORNL's Computational Sciences and Engineering Division. The method, called dynamic dimensionality reduction, helps search engines perform their jobs much more efficiently by reducing the original amount of information, making what remains manageable.
Emissions - Ultra-low sulfur
October 16, 2006 — New low-sulfur diesel available at gas stations and travel centers across the nation has Oak Ridge National Laboratory research behind it, proving that reducing sulfur content in diesel fuel is critical to lessening emissions. Beginning Oct.
Microscopy - New understanding
October 16, 2006 — Highly detailed images that show how matter organizes first into clusters and then into particles with thousands of atoms are helping researchers better understand catalytic processes. Ultimately, this greater understanding could make these chemical reactions with a wide range of industrial applications happen faster, more efficiently or both.