Publications

Long-term strategic planning of inter-city fast charging infrastructure for battery electric vehicles

Journal: Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review

This study introduces a multistage chance-constrained stochastic model for strategic planning of battery electric vehicle (BEV) inter-city fast charging infrastructure. A mixed integer programming model is developed to determine where and when charging stations are opened, and how many chargers are required for...

Analyzing the impacts of a biogas-to-electricity purchase incentive on electric vehicle deployment with the MA3T vehicle choice model

Journal: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report

In 2014, the EPA approved a biogas-to-electricity pathway under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). However, no specific applications for this pathway have been approved to date (EPA, 2017). This analysis helps understand the impact of the pathway by representing the biogas-to-electricity pathway as a point of...

Market-driven automotive industry compliance with fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards: Analysis based on consumer choice

Journal: Energy Policy

This study explored factors that affect market-driven compliance with both Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas (GHG) standards (together called the National Program) in the United States for phase I 2012–2016 and phase II 2017–2025. We considered a consumer-choice-based simulation approach,...

Construction and optimization of a heterologous pathway for protocatechuate catabolism in Escherichia coli enables bioconversion of model aromatic compounds

Journal: American Society for Microbiology Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The production of biofuels from lignocellulose yields a substantial lignin byproduct stream that currently has few applications. Biological conversion of lignin-derived compounds into chemicals and fuels has the potential to improve the economics of lignocellulose-derived biofuels, but few microbes are...

The role of bioenergy in a climate -changing world

Journal: Environmental Development

Bioenergy has been under intense scrutiny over the last ten years with significant research efforts in many countries taking place to define and measure sustainable practices. We describe here the main challenges and policy issues and provide policy recommendations for scaling up sustainable bioenergy approaches...

Organ and effective dose rate coefficients for submersion exposure in occupational settings

Journal: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

External dose coefficients for environmental exposure scenarios are often computed using assumption on infinite or semi-infinite radiation sources. For example, in the case of a person standing on contaminated ground, the source is assumed to be distributed at a given depth (or between various depths) and extending...

Comparison of photon organ and effective dose coefficients for PIMAL stylized phantom in bent positions in standard irradiation geometries

Journal: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

Computational phantoms with articulated arms and legs have been constructed to enable the estimation of radiation dose in different postures. Through a graphical user interface, the Phantom wIth Moving Arms and Legs (PIMAL) version 4.1.0 software can be employed to articulate the posture of a phantom and generate a...

Historical Review of the Transportation Analysis Fact of the Week, 1996-2017

Journal:

The Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) hosts a transportation analysis fact of the week on its webpage. ORNL has produced the fact of the week for VTO since 2001. This report examines the themes of the first 1,000 published facts, highlighting analytical trends. The most popular themes have...

Root and Phizosphere Bacterial Phosphatase Activity Varies with Tree Species and Soil Phosphorus Availability in Puerto Rico Tropical Forest

Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science

Climatic conditions in tropical forests combined with the immobility of phosphorus due to sorption on mineral surfaces or result in soils typically lacking in the form of phosphorus (orthophosphate) most easily metabolized by plants and microbes. In these soils, mineralization of organic phosphorus can be the major...

Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter

Journal: Global Change Biology

Soil organic matter (SOM) supports the Earth's ability to sustain terrestrial ecosystems, provide food and fiber, and retains the largest pool of actively cycling carbon. Over 75% of the soil organic carbon (SOC) in the top meter of soil is directly affected by human land use. Large land areas have lost SOC as a...

Molecular mechanism of enzymatic chlorite detoxification: insights from structural and kinetic studies

Journal: Catalysis

The heme enzyme chlorite dismutase (Cld) catalyzes the degradation of chlorite to chloride and dioxygen. Although structure and steady-state kinetics of Clds have been elucidated, many questions remain (e.g., the mechanism of chlorite cleavage and the pH dependence of the reaction). Here, we present high-resolution...

The Sphagnome Project: enabling ecological and evolutionary insights through a genus-level sequencing project

Journal: New Phytologist

Considerable progress has been made in ecological and evolutionary genetics with studies demonstrating how genes underlying plant and microbial traits can influence adaptation and even ‘extend’ to influence community structure and ecosystem level processes.Progress in this area is limited to model systems with deep...

Drought impacts on photosynthesis, isoprene emission and atmospheric formaldehyde in a mid-latitude forest

Journal: Atmospheric Environment

Isoprene plays a critical role in air quality and climate. Photosynthesis (gross primary productivity, GPP)and formaldehyde (HCHO) are both related to isoprene emission at large spatiotemporal scales, but neither is a perfect proxy. We apply multiple satellite products and site-level measurements to examine the...

Probing Multiscale Transport and Inhomogeneity in a Lithium-Ion Pouch Cell Using In Situ Neutron Methods

Journal: ACS Energy Letters

We demonstrate the lithiation process in graphitic anodes using in situ neutron radiography and diffraction in a single-layer pouch cell. The variation in neutron absorption contrast in graphite shows a direct correlation between the degree of lithiation and the discharge potential. The experimental neutron...

Wetland ecosystem health assessment through integrating remote sensing and inventory data with an assessment model for the Hangzhou Bay, China

Journal: The Science of the Total Environment

Due to rapid urbanization, industrialization and population growth, wetland area in China has shrunk rapidly and many wetland ecosystems have been reported to degrade during recent decades. Wetland health assessment could raise the public awareness of the wetland condition and guide policy makers to make reasonable...

A quantile-based scenario analysis approach to biomass supply chain optimization under uncertainty

Journal: Computers and Chemical Engineering

Supply chain optimization for biomass-based power plants is an important research area due to greater emphasis on renewable power energy sources. Biomass supply chain design and operational planning models are often formulated and studied using deterministic mathematical models. While these models are beneficial...

Fast formation cycling for lithium ion batteries

Journal: Journal of Power Sources

The formation process for lithium ion batteries typically takes several days or more, and it is necessary for providing a stable solid electrolyte interphase on the anode (at low potentials vs. Li/Li+) for preventing irreversible consumption of electrolyte and lithium ions. An analogous layer known as...

Colossal super saturation of oxygen at the iron-aluminum interfaces fabricated using solid state welding

Journal: Scripta Materialia

Solid state joining is achieved in three steps, (i) interface asperity deformation, (ii) oxide dispersion, followed by (iii) atomic contact and bonding. Atomically clean metallic surfaces without an oxide layer bond spontaneously. Despite its importance the oxide dispersion mechanism is not well studied. In this...

Transgenic switch grass (Panicum virgatum L.) targeted for reduced recalcitrance to bioconversion: a 2-year comparative analysis of field grown lines modified for target gene or genetic element expression

Journal: Plant Biotechnology Journal

Transgenic Panicum virgatum L. silencing (KD) or over-expressing (OE) specific genes or a small RNA (GAUT4-KD, miRNA156-OE, MYB4-OE, COMT-KD and FPGS-KD) were grown in the field and aerial tissue analyzed for biofuel production traits. Clones representing independent transgenic lines were...

An In-Depth Understanding of Biomass Recalcitrance Using Natural Poplar Variants as the Feedstock

Journal: ChemSusChem

In an effort to better understand the biomass recalcitrance, six natural poplar variants were selected as feedstocks based on previous sugar release analysis. Compositional analysis and physicochemical characterizations of these poplars were performed and the correlations between these physicochemical properties...

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